Maryland joins in the big northeast primary day along with Connecticut, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Rhode Island. April 26, 2016, was a multi-state presidential primary event for both the Republican and Democratic parties in these states.
Of the 384 delegates, at stake for the candidates, in the races among the Democrats, Maryland had 95 to offer Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders. The delegates are chosen under a plan adopted by Maryland’s Democratic central committee. The Republicans had 118 delegates at stake in the same states. Maryland is home to 38 of these.
The Republican primary in Maryland is a closed one, meaning voters that have enrolled in the party can only vote for the candidates offered by that party. In this instance, the voters options were Donald Trump, Ted Cruz, or John Kasich. It is a winner-take-all approach.
This system allocates district and at-large delegates separately. A candidate might lose statewide but still get some delegates in a the districts where they did win. This is what Trump is complaining about when he says that the system is rigged. He will not get all of the delegates from some states, even if he has the majority of the votes throughout the state.
In Maryland, the Democrats offer a slightly different version of proportional allocation. This race was, essentially, between Sanders and Clinton, although Roque “Rocky” De La Fuente Guerra of California, was also on the Maryland ballot.
Maryland has 118 delegates to got to the convention but only 95 are involved in the big northeast primary competition. There are 64 districts, 21 at-large, and 10 pledged PLEOs, which were elected that day. This last group is a type of super-delegate. Their name comes from being an “unpledged party leader and elected official delegates.” The at-large delegates go to the top vote-getters in the state while the majority vote in each district provides delegates to the district winner. As with the Republicans, the primary is also a closed one.
The Maryland primary comes late in the season after most other. This usually makes its primary uneventful because the presumptive front-runner has usually been determined already. In this case, Trump was trying to get enough delegates to win the nomination on the first ballot. Cruz and Kasich are trying to stop this from happening. On the Democratic side, while Sanders may be far enough behind that a nomination seems unlikely, he is looking for a seat at the convention by adopting a party platform more in line with his vision. The delegates decide this platform.
Before the results are calculated, Clinton leads Sanders 1946 to 1,192 delegates out of 4,765 in total. To win the Democrat nomination, 2,383 delegate votes are needed.
On the Republican side, Trump was ahead with 845 delegates committed to him. He is followed by Cruz and Kasich with 559 delegates, respectively. A simple majority of the 2,472 total delegates are needed to win the nomination.
There will be 13 more states with delegate selection primaries after Maryland voted. The final primary for the Democrats is in Washington, D.C. on June 14. California, Montana, New Jersey, New Mexico, South Dakota, and North Dakota will vote on June 7. California has the largest number of delegates for both parties; 475 for the Democrats and 172 for the Republicans. In North Dakota, Republican candidates do not receive delegate votes. Delegates go to the primary not pledged.
Polls announced Clinton and Trump as the Maryland winners the big northeast primary bonanza. Voting was held from 7 a.m. until 8 p.m. EST.
By Bob Reinhard
Edited by Jeanette Smith
Maryland Democratic Party: Official Site
Maryland GOP: Official Site
The Green Papers: 2016 Presidential Primaries, Caucuses, and Conventions
Photo Courtesy of Jimmy Emerson DVD’s Flickr Page – Creative Commons License